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Bharat mein log vartamaan mein 780 vibhinn bhashaon mein bolte hain.

Bharat mein kitni bhashaye hain, Bharat mein kitni bhasha boli jaati hai, Bharat ki janganna dwara chihnit bhashaon ki kul sankhya 1650 se upar hai. Ek janganna ke navinatam vishleshann ke anusar, Bharat mein 19,500 ya boliyaan matribhasha ke roop mein boli jaati hain. Yah 121 bhashayein hain jo Bharat mein 10,000 ya adhik logon dwara boli jaati hain, jinki jansankhya 121 crore hai. Ek desh ke roop mein Bharat vividh aur bahubhashi hai. “Bharatiya” naam ki koi bhasha nahin hai. Bharat saikadon bhashayein aur boliyaan bolti hai. Kuch vilupt hain, jabki kuch abhi bhi kaafi vaktaon ke saath upyog mein hain.

Bharat mein kitni bhasha boli jaati hai

2001 ki janganna ke anusar kul vaktan (L2 aur L3 vaktan sahit) ke anusar Bharat ki sheersh 11 bhashayein hain:

Hindi – 551.4 million
Angrezi – 125.3 million
Bangla – 91.1 million
Telugu – 84.9 million
Marathi – 84.1 million
Tamil – 66.7 million
Urdu – 59.1 million
Kannada – 50.7 million
Gujarati – 50.2 million
Odia – 36.6 million
Malayalam – 33.7 million

22 bhashayein hain jinhein Bharat ki anusoochit bhashayein kaha jaata hai, yahan Bharat mein keval deshi (L1) bolne walo ki sankhya ke anusar suchibaddh hain:

Hindi
Bangla
Telugu
Marathi
Tamil
Urdu
Gujarati
Kannada
Malayalam
Odia
Punjabi
Assamiya
Maithili
Santali
Kashmiri
Nepali
Sindhi
Konkani
Dogri
Manipuri
Bodo
Sanskrit
Bharat Sangh ki do aadhikaarik bhashayein hain – Hindi aur Angrezi. Bharat mein kitni bhasha boli jaati hai

Kaafi bolne wale logon ke saath bhashayein hain lekin anusoochit ke roop mein shamil nahin hain:

Bhili
Gondi
Khandeshi
Kurukh
Tulu
Khasi
Mundari
Ho
Kosli

6 bhashayein hain jinhein Bharat ki shastriy bhashaon ka darja diya gaya hai, jinke aadhar par ek lamba sahityik itihaas hai aur anya bhashaon se bade paimane par udhaar nahin liya gaya hai:

Sanskrit
Tamil
Telugu
Kannada
Odia
Malayalam


Note: Pali bhasha shastriy bhashaon ke liye maapdand fit baithata hai, lekin abhi tak ghoshit nahin kiya gaya hai.

Sarvochch darj pandulipiyon ke saath sheersh 3 bhashayein Sanskrit, Odia aur Hindi hain. Chautha sthaan Tibbati ka hai, jo Tibet ke saath Bharat ke praachin sambandhon ko darshata hai.

Angrezi ke alawa, Bharat mein kaafi bolne wale videshi bhashayein hain:

French
Arabi
Farsi
Portuguese

Bhasha ke prati utsaahi logon ke beech videshi bhashayein kaafi lokpriya hain:

French
German
Japanese
Spanish
Russian

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